At a past Michaela debate I heard Peter Hyman describe a desire for education ‘…with a smile, not a SLANT.’  The implication was not only, bizarrely, that the two are mutually exclusive (Bright Face is another technique taken from Lemov’s Teach Like a Champion) but that ‘SLANT’ is somehow not desirable.


The acronym stands for Sit up straight, Listen, Ask and answer questions, Nod your head, and Track the speaker.

It’s largely a ‘child’s guide to active listening.’

…super hard to wrap my head around what’s egregious about this.


In my experience, some of these, like ‘nod your head,’ tend to fall away quite quickly, and SLANT becomes more of a shorthand for how you expect pupils to sit: straight backed, eyes on the teacher, and with hands interlocked, or arms folded.

This last part’s the interesting bit.

If you struggle to picture it, you can see Colleen Driggs use a hand gesture to remind a child to return to a ‘hands interlocked’ position in this video (the others are already there.)  You have to be pretty quick to see it, mind.  The whole thing takes only a second or two, and Colleen doesn’t break her flow for it at all.

I’ve been in a few trainee teacher classrooms recently where I saw something strange.  When they counted down to silence, they got it pretty quickly.  When they were speaking, the pupils were largely silent.  Maybe they did, but I couldn’t remember my classes going that well in the first couple of months.  Despite this, I noticed something else… I couldn’t for the life of me focus on what the teacher was saying!  Despite the relative quiet, I was constantly distracted by a cacophony of ruler waving pen tapping hand stomping fidgeting that was endemic in the classroom.

What’s a teacher to do?  At most, I expect you could ask that the trainee focus on a firm expectation of ’empty hands.’  That has two problems.  The first is that it doesn’t really deal with the hand stomping or finger tapping.  The second is that… well you know what it’s like, we will all sometimes mindlessly pick things up and play with them when we’re trying to focus for a period of time.  Not just *low level* disruption; this is, for the most part, likely, completely *unintentional* disruption on the part of pupils, yet disruption it is.  I couldn’t focus and I was trying really hard!

How could children focus in this environment?  Truth is most couldn’t.  Yes there was quiet, but there wasn’t a high degree of attention being given in most the classrooms I saw, and I couldn’t blame them – distractions abound.  As lessons drew on, the relatively high level of respectful quiet that the trainees had initially commanded began to wane, I suspect, in direct relation to how much pupils felt they weren’t really learning.

And so I was met with a newfound love and appreciation of SLANT;  at least, that part of it that asks not only that pupils ‘sit up straight,’ but that gives a clear expectation of what to do with their hands during teacher instruction so that they don’t accidentally disturb those around them, and so all have the opportunity to think deeply about the content.

In schools that make use SLANT or similar, I’ve seen this expectation around ‘folded hands’ fade with older pupils.  Despite this, I also saw those pupils exhibit more of the typical ‘mature adult’ mistake – far fewer of the class were wont to fiddle and fidget in general, and those who did needed only a quick, gentle reminder, and they immediately emptied their hands, a little embarrassed, pretty much any of us do when we realise we’ve accidentally started clicking a pen or tapping something that might distract those around us.

So, long live SLANT!

(or some version of it.)

About Kris Boulton

Teach First 2011 maths teacher, focussed on curriculum design.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

9 Responses to Why SLANT?

  1. Pingback: Why SLANT? — …to the real. | TickTock Maths

  2. chrismwparsons says:

    I’ve never been TOTALLY happy with SLANT, as I like acronyms to somehow semantically represent what they are embodying if possible, and SLANT itself as a word seems to indicate the opposite of what you want from pupils, so I have tended to search for a better combination, and I have stalled in this currently. Furthermore, I do approve of the power of ‘Bright Eyes’, and would strongly recommend this as a more natural way of engaging the attention of pupils on what it is I am trying to communicate.

    Furthermore, it is possible, I suppose, that the compulsion on outward behavioural signs which SLANT demands could actually switch-off the minds of pupils from fully engaging with my ‘Bright Eyes’ – or indeed with the content of what I am actually saying; they are too focused on maintaining their body poise for the purposes of achieving reward/ avoiding admonishment for looking the part.

    However, I totally agree with the clasped hands/ folded arms thing, and pupils know that if I’m looking for attention, then they should adopt such a pose, as it stops a multitude of distractions. Of course, we do have special needs cases in my school where ‘fiddle toys’ are recommended, and I do actually support the science for these, with SOME children, and only with CERTAIN fiddle devices.

    The problem here though – as surely every teacher knows is the following: I know from my own experience (as most adults do), that twisting something round our hands/drawing circles/squeezing something etc. whilst listening to a discussion can be a natural or a comforting discharge of bodily impulses which frees our minds up to concentrate fully on what is being said, and we might not even be aware that we are doing it. However, the problem is that despite all of this, ANY creative mind can create a distracting ‘game’ from even the most simple device.

    My own solution is to get them to all go for folded arms when I wish for attention, and to be notionally expected to maintain it but without me saying for how long, and without me actually picking people up on relaxing it (unless something obviously distracting is happening). Having ‘grabbed’ their attention, I realistically rely on my ‘bright eyes’ and engaging speaking manner – combined with having something relevant to say – to take them from there. I have to personally opine that insisting on the full SLANT throughout everything which is being said – irrespective of what it is – is potentially not naturally conducive to both full mental focus and emotional engagement with what is being talked about.

  3. Caroline says:

    Are you unaware of the fact that many learners can only concentrate when fidgeting, or concentrate better? Have you never come across an adult who doodles in meetings? Demanding that children with ADHD sit stock still with folded arms is unlikely to be successful and will do the opposite of helping them concentrate.

    It sounds more like a punishment than a happy and productive classroom.

  4. Caroline says:

    Obviously, if you’re aware of recent research suggesting that children with ADHD benefit from not being allowed to move or fidget, I’d be very interested to read that too.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s